AP U.S History
The Original Thirteen Colonies were divided into three geographic areas. Two of them were the New England Colonies (Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts) and the Southern colonies (South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, and Georgia). Although they had many things in common, there were many difference in their own way, these things include: religion, economy, and politics.
While religion was a very important factor in New England, it did not have a big impact on communities of the South. In New England, settler had come from England to practice a Protestant religious group which was similar in practice to the Catholic Church. They were Puritans, who called themselves “Pilgrims”, had been persecuted by the Anglican Church. Meanwhile, at the South, religious freedom was not the reason for colonist came. The Southern colonies seemed a multi-religious region. For example, Maryland was Catholic Colony with Act of Toleration, or at Deep South (Carolinas and Georgia), slaves merged African beliefs and Christianity to produce voodoo.
The economy in the New England were very different from the Southern colonies. The soil of the New England colonies was poor and rocky, which was bad for farming. Therefore, people in New England lived on lumbering, shipbuilding and whale hunting. Unlike the New England, the Southern colonies had the fertile soil, a favourable condition for growing many crops such as tobacco, indigo, and cotton. Those show that the New England economy was largely based on the ocean with boat manufacturing and fishing. On the other hand, the economy of the Southern colonies was almost entirely based on farming.
In summary, it is accurate to say that the New England and the Southern colonies were religiously, economically and politically dissimilar. Each of them had their own specific developments that were unique to the other region.
Crops were grown on large plantations where slaves and employed servants worked the land.